Like to talk about violence? According to the dictionary, violence is the act or effect of using physical force or moral threat against someone. While we are quite advanced in terms of technological innovations, when it comes to respect and civilization, we are still far from ideal. Unfortunately, it is a discussion agenda in forums and councils aimed at the care of the less fortunate by economic or intellectual status.
And when we talk about violence against children and young people with disabilities, the situation is more worrisome. According to research by the British newspaper Lancet Child & Adolescent HealthIn the last 10 years, despite advances in awareness and inclusion policies, the number of cases of violence against children and young people worldwide has increased by 37.1%. It is estimated that 291 million children and adolescents in the world have some type of disability – physical or intellectual – that represents about 11% of this group.
They experience physical, emotional, and sexual violence and fall victim to neglect at a significantly higher rate than those without a disability. According to the survey, they are more than twice as likely to experience violence. The stigma, discrimination, lack of information on disability and lack of social support for caregivers contribute to this high level of violence.
The picture is even more serious when we add the other two elements: poverty and social isolation. In general, children with disabilities living in low-income countries have higher rates of violence than high-income countries – perhaps, as a result of limited access to prevention and support services, lower levels of legal protection and attitudes, the study found. And stereotypes that stigmatize people with disabilities and lead to greater social tolerance violence. According to the publication, more than 94% of this group lives in low- and middle-income countries.
The inability to verbalize or defend themselves makes these young people an easy target for violent practices. The study showed that overall rates of violence varied by disability in children with mental disorders (34%) and children with cognitive or learning disabilities (33%) than children with sensory impairment (27%). , Physical or mobility limitations (26%) and chronic diseases (21%).
The most reported forms of violence are emotional and physical, with one in three children and adolescents experiencing disabilities. Estimates suggest that one in five will experience neglect and one in ten will experience sexual harassment.
The study focused on high levels of bullying among peers, with an estimated 40% of children experiencing this type of violence. Physical, verbal or related actions such as hitting, kicking, insulting and threatening, or face-to-face bullying, such as social exclusion, are more common (37%) than cyberbullying (23%) practiced online.
Some signs, such as stagnation or anxiety, are indications that the child is involved in cases of physical violence at home, but are not required to be an effective victim of violent acts. In many cases, violence is directed at her mother and she witnesses these attacks, which affect her.
In the Campinas area, one of the biggest problems we see in our consultations is the negligence of those in need of care for children and young people with disabilities, such as lack of attention to hygiene or therapeutic guidelines. While this is not an explicit act of violence, it does not fail to attack the rights guaranteed by the legislation of persons with disabilities for the better quality of life of this population.
But what to do in the event of violence against young people or children with disabilities? The first step is to immediately inform the municipal guard. In Campinas, the council’s telephone number is 0800 770 1085. The call is free and full of privacy. The second step is to make the society aware that the problem is to be dealt with without delay, with appropriate punishments for each act, based on the development / implementation of effective war policies and strict supervision to curb this evil. Practiced against it.this children and youth.
We cannot close our eyes to this sad reality!
Ana Paula Catusso and Elaine Felix Social Workers at the Casa da Criana Paralytico (CCP) in Campinas