Goya’s government warns of vaccinating children

Vaccination coverage across the country has decreased, and diseases that have been controlled and eradicated in Brazil are exactly recurring due to the high prevalence of vaccination in the past, leading to serious and life-threatening cases. These are still separate cases of measles and diphtheria, for example, but they represent an imminent health risk due to the high prevalence of these diseases.

According to the Secretary of Health, Sandro Rodriguez, the vaccine is one of the most important measures to ensure the health of the population, especially children. “The vaccine is protection, it’s security. The vaccine can save lives.” He adds that vaccines available to the population are undergoing long-term testing. “They have already been studied, evaluated, and validated by the National Health Surveillance Agency (Unveisa),” he emphasizes.

The Secretary highlights that vaccines prevent the occurrence of serious illnesses that sink the health system. One of the main goals of the state government is to expand the vaccination range of the child population and consequently upgrade the national vaccination card.

Brazil received a measles-free living certificate issued by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2016. Two years later, with the relapse of the virus in Brazil, the country lost this certification. In 2019, five cases were reported in Goias, which restored the disease transmission chain 20 years later without the transmission of the virus. The outbreak lasted from August 2019 to March 2020, with 20 cases of the disease in the municipalities of Goiania, Aparecida de Goiania, Annapolis, Posse and Realma.

In 2020 and 2021, all suspected measles cases reported in Goiás have been rejected. The Ministry of Health considers at least 95% of vaccination coverage to be ideal. In Goas, however, MMR vaccination rates (protecting against measles, mumps and rubella) are lower than the target from 2017 when they reach 80.99%. Last year, vaccination coverage was 76.92%. The ongoing National measles vaccine campaign aims to vaccinate 425,748 children out of a total of 448,156 children. As of last Friday (05/06), only 62,834 children have been immunized, equivalent to 14.02%.

Diphtheria, which was controlled for, is currently returned to individual cases. This is the last record since 1998. This year, the occurrence is recorded in Santa Helena de Goas. Four more cases are under investigation. At that time, local epidemiological surveillance health professionals took steps to prevent and control diphtheria, with contacts monitoring and tracking of suspected cases. Diphtheria is protected from pentavalent vaccine. In 2021, the incidence of this vaccine in children was 71.98%.

From the beginning of the campaign on Friday, April 4, 52,546 children aged 6 months to 5 years were vaccinated against the disease, representing 11.7% of the ideal range. Sandro Rodriguez says the child is vulnerable to influenza because of the weakness of the immune system. “For the first five years of life, the body’s defense mechanisms have not yet been developed. Therefore, it is imperative to apply all specific vaccines to children provided in the National Vaccination Calendar.”

The polio
In Brazil, the last known case of poliomyelitis, known as infant paralysis, was recorded in 1989. In 1994, the disease was considered eradicated in Brazil due to the success of national multi-vaccination campaigns and high vaccination coverage. Infant paralysis has reappeared in Malalui, Israel and southwestern Africa. In Goiás, the incidence of disease vaccination has been decreasing significantly for ten years. In 2012, the rate of vaccination coverage was 101%. In 2018, it was down to 85.54%. In 2021, it was 71.60%.

Protection of the mass
The Director of the State Hospital for Children and Adolescents (Hecad), epidemiologist Mônica Ribeiro Costa, is concerned with the decline in childhood vaccine coverage rates that serious diseases are under control. Infants ’paralysis was eliminated, measles was eliminated and diphtheria was controlled. Epidemiologists point out that low vaccination coverage is associated with unfounded distrust from the population on the effectiveness and side effects of vaccines. He points out that in addition to protecting the individual, the vaccine guarantees mass protection. “When there is a high rate of vaccination, the virus becomes harder to transmit and disappears somewhat,” he suggests.

Source: SES / GO

Photo: Britto / Comnicação Setorial / SES-GO

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