Since the onset of vaccination against Covid-19, the number of cases and deaths caused by the disease has decreased significantly, allowing the virus to return to relative normality even though it is still circulating. However, Espirito Santo continues to face the challenge of immunizing children over the age of 5, mainly due to a wave of misinformation and the spread of misinformation about the impact of immunizations on young children’s health.
Official in January of this year, the childhood vaccine against coronavirus is the main protective measure against the disease. However, a survey by the Espirito Santo Court of Auditors (TCE-ES) shows that after three months of campaigning, One-third of Espirito Santo cities against Kovid-19 have not yet reached the 50% vaccination rangeAnd the goal is to reach 90%.
A wave of misinformation about the impact of immunizations on young children’s health has been suggested as the main reason for low adherence to the vaccine – this decision affects not only the young but also other people because they are not vaccinated, contributing to the spread of the virus and the emergence of new mutations, which may affect already vaccinated .
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According to the Brazilian Society of Immunology, children are the least tested group for coronavirus because they usually have mild or asymptomatic infections.
Domingos Taufner, consultant of the TCE-ES and a reporter for the vaccination process in court, reinforces that the main reason for the low compliance of the vaccine in municipalities is the dissemination of false news.
“By the end of 2020, they began to share that people had died of vaccines. It was debunked then, but there is a group that is immune to the belief that it is safe, especially for children.
For Taufner, the situation is worrisome because it has already affected the search for other vaccines that are considered mandatory and necessary in childhood, such as measles and polio vaccine or infant paralysis, as A Gazeta has already shown. With the proportion of children who have been immunized at less than optimal levels, there is a risk of returning potentially fatal diseases, which can be avoided.
“Vaccines are one of humanity’s greatest advances in the last 100 years. The mortality rate was very high in the past. People say: The vaccine was quickly produced against Kovid-19.
A reporter for the TCE-ES process, which monitors vaccination against covidin-19 in municipalities, however, is not alone in the risk of illness in immunized children.
“There are enough doses for children to be vaccinated, but these doses in posts have an expiration date. And if they are not vaccinated for the intended group, the dose may expire and it is a loss to society, not just to public power, it is money thrown away.
At this point, Cessa reported that on Tuesday (3), there was no expiration date for the Covid-19 doses, and emphasized that “it frequently undertakes guidelines with municipalities to strengthen strategies aimed at reducing dose loss.” In addition to the process of delivering doses from the State Cold Network Center to the needs of each municipality. “
Taufner explained that this is the process of monitoring immunity against Kovid-19. Launched in 2021 and five reports have been made since then. Based on an analysis of childhood vaccination data that began this year, TCE-ES recommends municipalities undertake a rigorous mobilization process to guide people on the importance of vaccination.
In addition to the rumors, the court has suggested another possible reason for reducing vaccination for children against Kovid-19: the lack of coordination between the health and education departments, making it easier for parents of these children to reach them, about the need for vaccines to inform them.
Asked about the low-cost search for childhood immunization, the State Health Department (SESA) reported that vaccination strategies have been promoted in municipalities since the inception of vaccination against Kovid-19 through the coordination of the state’s immune program (PEI). Espirito Santo.
“The PEI team makes it clear that one of the shortcomings of child vaccination is that fake news and fear-causing fake news, especially in relation to adverse events after vaccination. Families are not allowed to vaccinate children because they believe that Kovid-19 does not bring problems for this age group.. “
Cesa highlighted that the work of guiding municipalities is permanent, encouraging them to work with schools on health education as well as vaccine effectiveness in schools on the importance of vaccination.
In addition, the folder reported that the Department of Health (Sedu) and UniMed have consulted to support the measures. “The PEI team has guided municipalities to take advantage of all vaccination opportunities for children and teens to be immunized against Kovid-19. It also worked to promote the expansion of vaccination points and schedules.
Immunization occurs unevenly in municipalities
In addition, there is uneven immunization among municipalities. Until April 26, only Lorajana da Terra was able to vaccinate more than 80% of children with at least the first dose.
The Municipality of Guarapari reported that through the Department of Health (SEMSA) vaccination against Kovid-19, it was committed to achieving the target of every preferred vaccine vaccine, “and 05 year 11 year old vaccine does not differ. , Which recommends vaccination for enrollment and re-enrollment in schools.
“It is planning vaccine strategies, either through free demand or by appointment, on different days of the week, with extended hours and at various locations, in addition to investing in the vaccine, but Parents or guardians must understand that the vaccine is really necessary. “
The percentage of children immunized in other cities is lower than expected. In Sera, the most populous municipality in Espirito Santo, only 41.81% of 5- to 11-year-olds have been vaccinated against coronavirus.
The Municipal Health Department said in a note that every Monday and Thursday at 18:00, the Serra Municipality website will open appointments with new vaccines against coronavirus and all public and vacant posts. Immunizations, including for children. The municipality vaccines against Kovid-19 at points from Monday to Friday, 9 am to 5 pm and Saturday, 10 am to 5 pm without appointment. Montserrat Mall in the Colina de Laurengeras neighborhood is one of the places to serve.
In Serra’s health units, vaccination is scheduled and the reception, regardless of schedule, occurs according to the strength of each team and the availability of the immunizer.
“Unannounced and outdoor activities in community centers, courts, schools have attracted the attention of residents, along with other secretary generals. (Cross) will be there. Health care requires a parent or guardian search Municipal. “
Another city facing a similar problem is Linhares in the state’s Northern Territory, where the percentage of children immunized with the least first dose vaccine reaches just 43.47%. Included in the list of municipalities with the lowest compliance are: Suratama (43.79%), Marilandia (44.2%), Afonso Claudio (44.21%) and Vila Velha (44.59%).
Second, through its Department of Health, until April 26, it has already applied 27,112 doses of vaccine to the 5- to 11-year-old public, with the same average doses applied to children in Greater Victoria. Data from Vacina e Confia.
“The municipality provides the children with a weekly dose. An appointment is available on the website along with a voluntary on-demand offer that does not require any appointment every week, Monday to Friday and Saturday. Additionally, the city promotes weekly overnight vaccinations.
In April, the folder highlighted that more than 15 schools in Vila Velha received childhood vaccines. However, he emphasized that “for vaccination to occur, the Parents and / or legal guardians must sign the declaration [autorizando a vacinação] Or must be present during immunizationCarrying a child vaccination card.
Other municipalities mentioned were also contacted by the report, but did not comment until the conclusion of this text, which will be updated if there is a response.
Vaccines against COVID-19 used in children and adolescents in Brazil
Pfizer-BioTech – 5 to 11 years
The National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA) approved the Pfizer-BioTech Cominarity Vaccine in children aged 5 and 11 in December 2021. To approve this, a number of clinical studies have been presented, not only by manufacturers but also by other regulatory agencies such as the FDA (United States) and EMA (European Union). It is the unanimous opinion that the vaccine is safe and effective and suitable for inclusion in the National Immunization Program (PNI).
Coronavac – 6 to 17 years
In January 2022, Unvisa authorized the emergency use of coronavac produced by inactivating virus for non-immunocompromised children and adolescents aged 6 to 17 years. Several studies have been evaluated suggesting that the vaccine is safe and beneficial for this age group.
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